Joint Submission by Non-Governmental Organisations, Human Rights Institutions and Civil Society Groups Pertaining to the Deliber

I. INTRODUCTIONThe fifty-ninth session of the Commission on Human Rights established an inter-sessional open-ended working group mandated to consider options regarding the elaboration of an Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, (hereinafter ICESCR or the Covenant). Motivated by a widespread concern for the protection and promotion of economic, social and cultural rights, the undersigned, in representation of non-governmental organisations, human rights institutions and civil society, submit the following views concerning the deliberations of the working group that will meet for its inaugural session in February 2004. II. CONTEXTGuided by principles enshrined in the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights, it is clear that undivided State party adherence to the Covenant is of considerable importance in protecting and promoting economic, social and cultural rights. It is recognised that, through their ratification of the Covenant, States parties bear responsibility to ensure that economic, social and cultural rights are protected and promoted. The ensuing need to assist in the realisation of these rights, through the provision of a comprehensive international remedial mechanism to intervene during and/or adjudicate over ICESCR rights violations, is thus of paramount importance.III. MINIMUM CORE CONTENT OF AN OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE ICESCRThe undersigned non-governmental organisations, human rights institutions and civil society representatives assert that the following minimum core elements are essential for an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR to fulfil its potential as an effective mechanism through which economic, social and cultural rights may be protected and promoted:
(a) Comprehensive Scope
Gathering together representatives from over 170 States, the 1993 Vienna World Conference on Human Rights was unequivocal in confirming the universality, interdependence, indivisibility and interrelatedness of civil, cultural, economic, political and social rights. Given that the first Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, (hereinafter ICCPR), relates in a comprehensive manner to all of the rights embodied in that Covenant, not to adopt a similar approach in drafting an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR would be to directly challenge the universality, interdependence, indivisibility and interrelatedness of all human rights. For this reason, an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR should clearly address all of the rights and State obligations enshrined in the Covenant.
(b) State Obligations to Respect, Protect and Fulfil Covenant Rights
As with the first Optional Protocol to the ICCPR, an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR should address both negative and positive State obligations associated with the realisation of Covenant rights. In particular, an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR should entertain complaints and empower an inquiry procedure where States parties violate their obligations to respect, protect and fulfil-facilitate/fulfil-provide Covenant rights.
The obligation to respect requires States parties to refrain from interfering with the enjoyment of Covenant enshrined economic, social and cultural rights. This is a negative obligation that mandates States parties to act in a way that does not violate economic, social and cultural rights and/or infringe on an individual’s freedom to access these rights. Within this context, States parties must “respect the freedom of the individuals to take the necessary actions and use the necessary resources – alone or in association with others.”
The obligation to protect requires States parties to prevent ICESCR rights abuses by third parties. In this, States parties must take “measures necessary to prevent other individuals or groups from violating the integrity, freedom of action, or other human rights of the individual – including the infringement of his material resources.”
The obligation to fulfil encompasses State party obligations to facilitate access to and/or provide for the full realisation of economic, social and cultural rights. This is a positive obligation. The obligation to facilitate requires States parties to pro-actively engage in activities that strengthen access to and the utilisation of resources and means to ensure the realisation of Covenant rights. The obligation to provide requires States to take measures necessary to ensure that each person within its jurisdiction may obtain basic economic, social and cultural rights satisfaction whenever they, for reasons beyond their control, are unable to realise these rights through the means at their disposal.
State obligations under the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR must encompass both negative and positive obligations, thereby reinforcing the universality interrelatedness and indivisibility of all human rights. Such an approach would also serve as a reminder to the international community, through the ICESCR/Optional Protocol working group, of the importance it attaches to economic, social and cultural rights issues and seriousness with which it now responds to violations.
(c) An Optional Protocol Complaint's and Inquiry Procedure
Conceptualised as a complaint's mechanism and an inquiry procedure, an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR would possess the potential to significantly contribute towards the realisation of Covenant enshrined economic, social and cultural rights.
An Optional Protocol complaint's mechanism would provide individuals and groups with access to an international adjudicative procedure. Under this procedure, individuals and/or groups could communicate directly with the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, (hereinafter CESCR or the Committee), to seek and obtain remedies for specific violations of rights contained in the Covenant.
An Optional Protocol’s inquiry procedure would empower the Committee to initiate an investigation into particularly grave or systematic abuses of Covenant rights. An inquiry procedure would reinforce an Optional Protocol’s complaints procedure as it would: (i) Open an avenue to address situations where individual/group communications could not adequately reflect the gravity or the systemic nature of violations of Covenant provisions; (ii) Allow grave and/or systematic Covenant violations to be investigated where individuals or groups were unable to utilise the complaint's mechanism for reasons including fear of reprisals; and (iii) Enable a more-timely response to grave and/or systematic violations of the provisions of the Covenant, and to continuing violations in particular.
(d) Standing to Lodge an Optional Protocol Complaint
At a minimum, parties who possess the ability to initiate a complaint, (standing), under an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR, should include:
(i) Individuals and group of individuals who have been victims of violations of Covenant rights by State parties;
(ii) Representatives of individuals or groups of individuals empowered to initiate complaints on behalf of individual and collective victims.
The importance of expressly acknowledging the competence of representatives, particularly non-governmental organizations and national human rights institutions to launch complaints on behalf of individual and groups victims of ICESCR violations cannot be underestimated. Under existing instruments, complaints on behalf of individual and group victims have either been specifically included or such representative standing has been provided through adjudicative interpretation. The significance of allocating standing to such representatives is rooted in the fact that these types of communications play an essential role in initiating international complaint's procedures, particularly where victims face the risk of ill-treatment or other retaliation for directly engaging in the process. (e) State Party Reservations Under an Optional Protocol
Precluding reservations to the Optional Protocol to the ICESCR would represent a significant commitment by States parties which ratify the Protocol, to uphold the integrity of internationally recognised economic, social and cultural rights. Excluding the use of reservations would be appropriate as:
(i) The raison d’etre of an Optional Protocol would be to assist people in realising their economic, social and cultural rights as enshrined in the ICESCR. As a tool to both complement and strengthen the Covenant, to allow State party reservations to an Optional Protocol would be to undermine its potential as a tool for the full realisation of economic, social and cultural rights;
(ii) An Optional Protocol would by its very nature be optional and as such, reservations that curtailed its applicability would be unnecessary;
(iii) An Optional Protocol would be a procedural instrument as it would neither introduce new nor expand present economic, social and cultural rights obligations that States parties accepted through their ratification of the Covenant. An Optional Protocol would thus merely serve as a means through which States parties would be encouraged to realise existing ICESCR obligations.
(iv) An effective Optional Protocol must recognise the indivisible and interdependent relationship amongst all Covenant rights. To allow States parties to individually select the ICESCR rights subject to an Optional Protocol strike at the core this relationship and the instruments ability to protect and promote Covenant rights. Such a selective approach would open the door to arguments as to the hierarchy of and inequality between economic, social and cultural rights, thereby encroaching upon the universality, interdependence, indivisibility and interrelatedness of all human rights. Further, permitting the selection of economic, social and cultural rights subject to the Optional Protocol mechanisms would risk that some States parties would enhance their international prestige, through ratification, while restricting the instrument’s substantive application;
(v) State party concerns that might prompt reservations with regard to specific aspects of an Optional Protocol procedure could be accommodated through the provisions of the instrument itself.IV. THE DRAFTING OF AN OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE ICESCR: AVAILABLE RESOURCES
In considering options regarding the elaboration of an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR, the undersigned urge the open-ended working group to recommend the drafting of an Optional Protocol text to the 60th session of the Commission on Human Rights as conceptual issues related to this procedure have received a thorough analysis from a wide variety of sources that include:
(i) The abundant experience and jurisprudence of national, regional and international bodies/instruments that employ adjudicative/inquiry procedures related to violations of economic, social and cultural rights. Reference may be made to the United Nations Human Rights Committee, the European Court of Human Rights, the European Committee on Social Rights, the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, the San Salvador Protocol, (Inter-American Commission jurisprudence and country reports), the Optional Protocol to the Covenant on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization Complaint's Procedure, the International Labour Organisation Committee on the Freedom of Association and an abundance of national jurisprudence;
(ii) A plethora of national and international and civil society conferences and instruments that have clarified the nature and scope of economic, social and cultural rights and States parties obligations under the ICESCR. Amongst these, the Declaration of Delhi (1959), the Law of Lagos (1961), the Limburg Principles on the Implementation of the ICESCR (1986), the World Conference on Human Rights (1993), the World Summit for Social Development (1995), the Bangalore Plan of Action (1995), the Maastricht Guidelines on the Violation of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1996) and United Nations/International Commission of Jurists' conferences on the Optional Protocol and economic, social and cultural rights, (1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 and 2003), amongst numerous others, may be instructive;
(iii) General Comments from the CESCR that have clarified the nature and scope of States parties Covenant obligations and ICESCR rights including: international technical assistance measures; the nature of States parties obligations under article 2; the right to adequate housing; the economic, social and cultural rights of persons with disabilities and of older persons; the right to adequate housing, (forced evictions); the relationship between economic sanctions and respect for economic, social and cultural rights; the domestic application of the Covenant; the role of national human rights institutions in the protection of economic, social and cultural rights; plans of action for primary education; the right to adequate food; the right to education; the right to the highest attainable standard of health; and the right to water;
(iv) CESCR discussions, summary records, studies and reports that have provided further clarification concerning the nature and scope of economic, social and cultural rights as they relate to an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR and in particular its work on a draft Optional Protocol and related issues, (E/C.12/1996/SR.44-49 and 54), (E/C.12/1996/CRP.2/Add.1), (E/C.12/1994/12), (E/CN.4/1997/105), (E/1993/22), and (E/C.12/1992/WP.9),
(v) The draft Optional Protocol to the ICESCR prepared by the CESCR for consideration by the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, (E/CN.4/1997/105); and
(vi) Other sources that have further clarified conceptual issues related to an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR including: the experience of numerous United Nations Special Rapporteurs engaged in various aspects of economic, social and cultural rights; the experience of the United Nations working group under which the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women was created; two reports from the independent expert appointed by the Commission on Human Rights, (resolution 2001/30), to examine the question of a draft Optional Protocol to the ICESCR; and the vast amount of doctrine concerning an Optional Protocol and economic, social and cultural rights issues.
Given that conceptual issues related to an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR have received a thorough analysis from a wide variety of sources, the open-ended working group should utilise the above listed wealth of resources as a primary basis point from which the text of an Optional Protocol to the ICESCR may be drafted.(V) THE DRAFTING OF AN OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO THE ICESCR: TIMING CONSIDERATIONS
In conducting its deliberations, the ICESCR/Optional Protocol working group should bear in mind the Commission on Human Rights decision of 26 April 2000, (E/CN.4/2000/112), which endorsed that working group,
(m)andates should always offer a clear prospect of an increased level of human rights protection and promotion, (and that), (i)n creating any standard-setting working group, the Commission should consider a specific time-frame within which the group would be called upon to complete its task. ...(i)n most instances, the established time-frame should not in principle exceed five years.
Learning from the experiences of other processes that have led to the establishment of other Optional Protocols, the ICESCR/Optional Protocol working group should adopt a pragmatic yet determined approach towards the completion of its mandate.
Signed:
Ação Brasileira pela Nutrição e Direitos Humanos
SCLN 215, Bloco D, Sala 17
70874-540. Brasília. DF. Brazil
Tel: + 55 61 340 7032
Fax: + 55 61 340 7032
E-mail: abrandh@tecnolink.com.br
Accat -Togo
BP: 399 Paroisse Saint Augustin d'Amoutivé,
Lomé, Togo
Tel: + 228 903 10 74
E-mail: acatogo@yahoo.fr
Açoes em GeneroCidadania e Desenvolvimento
SCLN 315, Bloco B, Sala 101
CEP 70.774-520. Brasília. DF.
Tel: + 55 61 273 5551
Fax: + 55 61 273 5801
E-mail: agende@agende.org.br
Al Mezan Center for Human Rights
Omar bin Abdel Aziz Street
P.O. Box 5270
Gaza, Palestine
Tel: + 9708 282 0442
Fax: + 9708 282 0447
E-mail: mezan@hally.net
Alianza Cívica A.C.
Benjamín Franklin 186 Col. Escandón
Mexico, D.F. C.P. 11800
Tel: + 52 733 400 / 49
Fax: + 52 733 398
E-mail: alianza@laneta.apc.org
American Indian Law Alliance (*)
611 Broadway, Suite 632
New York, New York
USA 10012
Tel: + 1 212 477 9100
Fax: + 1 212 477 0004
E-mail: aila@ailanyc.org
Arab Association for Human Rights
PO Box 215,
Nazareth 16101, Israel.
Tel: + 972 4 656 1923
Fax: + 972 4 656 4934
E-mail: eu-adv@arabhra.org
Asian Human Rights Commission
Unit 4, 7 Floor, Mongkok Commercial Centre
16 Argyle Street, Kowloon
Hong Kong SAR, CHINA
Tel: + 852 2698 6339
Fax:+ 852 2698 6367
E-mail: ahrchk@ahrchk.org
Asian Legal Resource Centre
Unit 4, 7 Floor, Mongkok Commercial Centre
16 Argyle Street, Kowloon
Hong Kong SAR, CHINA
Tel: + 852 2698 6339
Fax:+ 852 2698 6367
E-mail: alrc@alrc.net
Asociacion de Peruanos por la Integracion Latinoamericana
Seminario 774
Nunoa,
Santiago, Chile
E-mail: regional@pidhdd.org
Association of Legal Aid office of Bengkulu (Perkumpulan KBHB)
Jl. Pangeran Natadirja no.39 KM.6,5
Bengkulu, Indonesia
Tel: + 62 736 25179
Fax: + 62 736 25333
E-mail: kbhb@bengkulu.wasantara.net.id
Australian Forum of Human Rights Organisations
9 Bailey Place
Yarralumla
ACT 2600, Australia
Tel: + 61 41322 3585
E-mail: debf@cyberone.com.au

Australian Lawyers for Human Rights
PO Box A147, Sydney South
NSW 1235, Australia
Tel: + 61 4 0808 8024
Fax: + 61 2 9399 6154
E-mail: alhr@alhr.asn.au
Australian Legal Resources International
PO Box A975
Sydney South NSW
1234, Australia
Tel: + 61 2 9368 2904
Fax: + 61 2 9368 2953
E-mail: alri@alri.org.au
Banúlacht
175a Phibsboro Rd,
Dublin 7, Ireland
Tel: + 353 1 882 7378/7390
Fax: + 353 1 882 7390
E-mail: banulach@iol.ie
Bhasha Research and Publication Centre
Bhupen Khakhar,
6 United Avenue, Near Dinesh Mill,
Vadodara - 390 007
Gujarat, INDIA
Phone: 91 265 2331968
Fax: 91 265 2351487
E-mail: brpc_baroda@sify.com
Border Ecology Project
Drawer CP
Bisbee, Arizona
USA
Z 85603
Tel: + 1 520 432 7456
Fax: + 1 505-471-4808
E-mail: bepdick@worldnet.att.net
CIOSL/ORIT
Caracas, Venezuela
Tel: + 582 12 578 3538
Fax + 582 12 578 1702
E-mail: oritddhhyss@cantv.net
Campanha 28 de setiembre de America Latina y el Caribe Por la despenalizacion del Aborto (28th of September
(Campaign for Decriminalization of Abortion in Latin America and the Caribbean)
Parque Hernan Velarde 42
Lima 1, Peru
Tel: + 51 1 433 2765
Fax: + 51 1 433 9500
E-mail: susana@flora.org.pe
Canadian HIV/AIDS Legal Network / Réseau juridique canadien VIH/sida
417 rue Saint-Pierre St., Suite 408
Montréal, Québec
Canada H2Y 2M4
Tel: + 1 514 397 6828
Fax + 1 514 397 8570
E-mail: info@aidslaw.ca

Canadian Human Rights Foundation (**)
1425 Rene Levesque Ouest
Bureau 407
Montréal, Québec, Canada
H3G 1T7
Tel: + 514 954 0382 Ext. 28
Fax: + 514 954 0659
E-mail: rselwyn@chrf.ca
Canadian Section of the International Commission of Jurists
865 Carling Avenue, Suite 500
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
K1S 5S8
Tel: + 1 613 237 2925
Fax: + 1 613 237 0185
Email: patw@cba.org
Casa de la Mujer Radio Alternativa Fm
Santa Cruz, Bolivia
Tel: + 591 3 352 1803
Fax: + 591 3 352 1451
E-mail: ksamujer@roble.scz.entelnet.bo
Center for Economic and Social Rights (*)
162 Montague St., 2nd floor
Brooklyn, New York
11201, United States
Tel: + 1 718 237 9145
Fax: +1 718 237 9147
E-mail: rnormand@cesr.org
Central Única dos Trabalhadores
Av. Artur de Queirós, 720 -Bairro Casa Branca
Santo André, Brasil
Tel: + 11 4979 3699
E-mail: anapaula.nop@cut.org.br
Centre for Adivasee Studies & Peace (*)
#26-42-193 A.T.Agraharam
Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
India
Tel: + 91 863 2351669
Fax: + 91 863 2249030
E-mail: adivasee@yahoo.com
Centre for Equality Rights in Accommodation
1011 Chilver Road
Windsor, Ontario, Canada
N8Y 2K6
Tel: + 1 519 252 9301
Fax: + 1 416 352 5507
E-mail: leilani@equalityrights.org
Centre for Human Rights Promotion (**)
P.O. Box 1854 Dar es Salaam,
Tanzania
Tel: + 255 22 2185056
Fax: + 255 22 2185056
E-mail: chrptz@yahoo.com
Centre for Investigative and Human Rights Journalism
4th Floor Suite UF80, Turaki Ali House
Kanta Road
PO Box 8982 Kaduna, Nigeria
Tel: + 234 062 218502, ext. 3110
Fax: + 234 062 218502
Centre of Concern for Child Labour
201 Pankaj Tower
Mayur Vihar - 1
New Delhi 110091
India
Tel: + 91 11 2275 2298
Fax: + 91 11 2279 4613
E-mail ccfcl@vsnl.com
Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions - International Secretariat
83 rue de Montbrillant
1202 Geneva, Switzerland
Tel: + 41 22 734 1028
Fax: + 41 22 733 8336
E-mail: mal.langford@cohre.org
Centro de Asesoria Laboral del Peru
(Center for Labor Advocacy in Peru)
Jiron Talara 769
Jesus Maria, Lima 11
Peru
Tel: + 51 1 433 3472
Fax + 51 1 433 9595
E-mail: emoura@cedal.org.pe
Centro de Derechos Humanos Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez, A.C. (**)
Serapio Rendón #57-B
Col. San Rafael
06470, México, D.F.
México
Tel: + 5255 5566 7854
Fax: + 5255 5535 689
E-mail: prodh@sjsocial.org
Centro de Direitos Humanos e Memória Popular
Rua Vigário Bartomlomeu, 635,
Ed. 21 de Março - SI 607
59023-900, Natal, RN, Brasil
E-mail: cdhmp@hotmail.com
Centro de Estudios Legales y Sociales
Piedras 547, piso 1º, Buenos Aires, Argentina
Tel/Fax: + 54 11 4334 3200
E-mail: desc@cels.org.ar
Centro de la Mujer Peruana Flora Tristan (*)
Parque Hernan Velarde 42
Lima 1, Peru
Tel : + 51 1 433 2765
Fax: + 51 1 433 9500
E-mail: cecilia@flora.org.pe
Centro-Ecumenico Dominicano el Buen
#35 del Sector de Cristo Rey,
Santo Domingo, República Dominicana
Tel: + 809 562 9456; 334-5473
E-mail: cedbuenpastor@hotmail.com
Centro Para El Desarrollo Urbano Y Rural
Jiron Bolivar 937 Huacho
Lima, Peru
Tel: + 51 1 993 6670
Fax: + 51 1 239 3128
E-mail: mprosantana@viabcp.com

Charter Committee on Poverty Issues
c/o Regina Anti-Poverty Ministry
2330 Victoria Ave.
Regina, Canada
S4P OS6
Tel: + 1 306 352 6386
Fax: + 1 306 352 7984
E-mail: bonnie.morton@sk.sympatico.ca
Coalition of the Flemish North South Movement - 11.11.11
Vlasfabriekstraat 11
B-1060 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: +32 2 536 11 40
Fax: +32 2 536 19 06
E-mail: han.verleyen@11.be
Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos
Tehuantepec 155, Colonia Roma Sur
México, D.F. 06760
Tel: + 55 849 116
Fax: + 55 842 731
E-mail: defensa@cmdpdh.org
Comissão Pastoral da Terra
Secretaria Nacional
Rua 19, nº 35, 1º andar, Edifício Dom Abel, Centro Goiânia, Goiás
CEP 74030-090
Brasil
Tel: + 62 212 6466
Fax: + 62 212 0421
E-mail: cptnac@cultura.com.br
Community Law Centre Socio-Economic Rights Project
University of the Western Cape
Private Bag X 17
Bellville 7535
Republic of South Africa
Tel: + 27 21 959 3708
Fax: + 27 21 959 2411
E-mail: skhoza@uwc.ac.za
Conselho Indígena de Roraima
Av. Sebastião Diniz, 1672, São Vicente
CEP 69303-120
Brasil
Tel: + 55 95 224 5761
Fax: + 55 95 624 2452
E-mail: cir@technet.com.br
Coordenadoria Ecumênica de Serviço
Rua da Graça, 164 - GRAÇA
40150-055 Salvador/BAHIA
Brasil
Tel: + 71 336 5457
Fax: + 71 336 0733
E-mail: eliana@cese.org.br
DECA Equipo Pueblo, A.C
Francisco Field Jurado, No 51,
Colonia Independencia,
C.P 03630 México, D.F
Tel: + 52 55 39 00 15
Fax: + 52 55 72 74 53
E-mail: pueblodip@equipopueblo.org.mx
Danish Institute for Human Rights
8 H Wilders Plads
1403 Copenhagen, Denmark
Tel: + 45 32 69 8888
Fax +45 32 69 8800
E-mail: han@humanrights.dk
Derechos Economicos y Sociales
Tel/Fax: + 593 22 563 517
Quito-Ecuador
E-mail: jose.serrano@cdes.org.ec
Diakonisches Werk der EKD
Postfach 10 11 42
D-70010 Stuttgart, Germany
Tel: + 49 07 11 21 59 496
Fax: + 49 711 21 59 368
E-mail: j.brandstaeter@diakonie-human-rights.org
Egyptian Center for Housing Rights
3A Mohamed Hagag St, Branched from
Mahmoud Bassiouni St, Abd El Monea'm Riadh Square,
Cairo, Egypt.
Tel: + 202 578 1003
Fax: + 202 574 4428
E-mail: egyptchr@hotmail.com
Elizabeth Seton Federation (*)
211 East 43 St. #302
New York, New York
USA
10017
Fax: 212 599-2712
E-mail: fedngo@aol.com
Enfants Solidaires d'Afrique et du Monde
Siège 1rue de la Victoire Akotomey (Bopa)
08 BP 0049 Tri postal Cotonou
Tél: + 229 30 52 37
Fax: + 229 31 38 77
E-mail: esam@firstnet.bj
(FIDH) International Federation for Human Rights (*)
17, passage de la main d or
75011 Paris, France
Tel: + 33 1 43 55 25 18
Fax: + 33 1 43 55 18 80
E-mail: fidh@fidh.org
Foodfirst Information and Action Network (*)
P.O. Box 10 22 43
D- 69012 Heidelberg
Germany
Tel: + 49 6221 653 00 52
Fax: + 49 6221 85 05 45
E-mail: epal@fian.org
Forum-Asia
111 Suthisanwinitchai Road
Huey Kwang, Bangkok
10320, Thailand.
Tel: + 66 1 02 276 9846
Fax: + 66 1 02 693 4939
E-mail: admin@forumasia.org
Forum Menschenrechte
Greifswalder Strabe 4
10405 Berlin
Tel: + 49 30 4202 1771
Fax: + 49 30 4202 1772
E-mail:
forum.menschenrechte@debitel.net
Forum Menschenrechte includes the following organizations:
(1) agisra e.V. - neue wege für migrantinnen
Ludolfusstraße 2-4
60487 Frankfurt
www.agisra.de

(2) Aktion Courage - SOS-Rassismus
Postfach 2644
53016 Bonn
www.aktioncourage.org

(3) Aktion der Christen für die Abschaffung der Folter (ACAT)
Postfach 11 14
59331 Lüdinghausen
www.acat-deutschland.de

(4) Aktionsgemeinschaft Dienst für den Frieden (AGDF)
Blücherstr. 14
53113 Bonn
www.friedensdienst.de
(5) Amnesty international
Haus der Demokratie und Menschenrechte
Greifswalder Str. 4
10405 Berlin
www.amnesty.de

(6) Bischöfliches Hilfswerk Misereor
Mozartstr. 9
52064 Aachen
www.misereor.de
(7) BAFF (Bundesweite AG der Psychosozialen Zentren für Flüchtlinge und Folteropfer)
c/o XENION
Roscherstr. 2 a
10629 Berlin
(8) Deutsche Gesellschaft für die Vereinten Nationen (DGVN)
Poppelsdorfer Allee 55
53115 Bonn
www.dgvn.de
(9) Deutsche Kommission Justitia et Pax
Kaiser-Friedrich Str. 9
53113 Bonn
www.justitia-et-pax.de
(10) Deutsche UNESCO-Kommission
Colmantstr. 15
53115 Bonn
www.unesco.de
(11) Deutsche Welthungerhilfe
Adenauerallee 134
53113 Bonn
www.welthungerhilfe.de

(12) Deutscher Frauenrat
Axel-Springer Str. 54a
10117 Berlin
www.frauenrat.de
(13) Deutscher Gewerkschaftsbund (DGB)
Postfach 110372
10833 Berlin
www.dgb.de
(14) Diakonisches Werk der EKD
Postfach 101142
70010 Stuttgart
www.brot-fuer-die-welt.de

(15) FIAN
Overwegstr. 31
44625 Herne
www.fian.de

(16) Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung
Godesberger Allee 149
53170 Bonn
www.fes.de
(17) Friedrich-Naumann-Stiftung
Weberpark
Alt-Nowawes 67
14482 Potsdam-Babelsberg
www.fnst.de
(18) Gemeinschaft für Menschenrechte im Freistaat Sachsen
Postfach 120609
01007 Dresden
(19) Gesellschaft für bedrohte Völker
Postfach 2024
Düstere Str. 20a
37073 Göttingen
www.gfbv.de

(20) Gesellschaft zum Schutz von Bürgerrecht und Menschenwürde
Weitlingstr. 89
10317 Berlin
www.gbmev.de

(21) Gustav-Heinemann-Initiative
Riemstr. 2
28359 Bremen

(22) Heinrich-Böll-Stiftung
Rosenthaler Str. 40/41
10178 Berlin
www.boell.de

(23) Humanistische Union
Haus der Demokratie und Menschenrechte
Greifswalder Str. 4
10405 Berlin
www.humanistische-union.de

(24) IDA (Informations- und Dokumentationszentrum für Antirassismusarbeit)
Friedrichstr. 61a
40217 Düsseldorf
www.IDAeV.de

(25) Internationale Gesellschaft für Menschenrechte (IGFM)
Borsigalee 16
60388 Frankfurt
www.igfm.de
(26) Internationales Katholisches Missionswerk missio e.V.
Goethestr. 43
52064 Aachen
www.missio-aachen.de

(27) Kommission für Menschenrechte
Lettenweg 8
79111 Freiburg

(28) Medica Mondiale
Hülchrather Str. 4
50670 Köln
www.medicamondiale.org
(29) Missio München
Internationales Katholisches Missionswerk
Pettenkoferstr. 26
80336 München
www.muenchen.missio.de

(30) Missionszentrale der Franziskaner
Postfach 200953
53139 Bonn
www.mzf.org

(31) Nationaler Geistiger Rat der Baha'i e.V.
Am Köllnischen Park 1
10179 Berlin
www.bahai.de
(32) Nürnberger Menschenrechtszentrum
Adlerstr. 40
90403 Nürnberg
www.menschenrechte.org

(33) Pax Christi
PF 1345
61103 Bad Vilbel
www.paxchristi.de

(34) Pro Asyl
Postfach 160624
60069 Frankfurt
www.proasyl.de

(35) Reporter ohne Grenzen
Skalitzer Str. 101
10997 Berlin
www.reporter-ohne-grenzen.de

(36) Solwodi e.V.
Propsteistr. 2
56154 Boppard-Hirzenach
www.solwodi.de

(37) TERRE DES FEMMES
PF 2565
72015 Tübingen
www.terre-des-femmes.de

(38) terre des hommes BRD
Postfach 4126
49031 Osnabrück
www.tdh.de
(39) Vereinte ev. Mission/ VEM
Rudolfstr. 137
42285 Wuppertal
www.vemission.org
(40) WUS - World University Service
Deutsches Komitee e.V.
Goebenstraße 35
65195 Wiesbaden
www.wusgermany.de

(41) EKD
Herrenhäuserstr. 12
30419 Hannover
www.ekd.de
Forum National de Lutte Contre la Dette et la Pauvreté de Cote d'Ivoire
BP: 585 cidex 3
Abidjan, Ivory Coast
Tel: + 225 22 47 50 54
Fax: + 225 22 47 50 75
E-mail: ouat@cooperation.net
Foundation for Human Rights Initiative
P.O.Box 11027
Kampala, Uganda
Tel: 256-41-510276
Fax: 256-41-510498
E-mail: fhri@spacenetuganda.com
Franciscans International (*)
37-39 rue de Vermont
P.O. Box 104
CH-1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland
Tel: + 41 22 919 40 10
Fax: + 41 22 740 24 33
E-mail: geneve@fiop.org
Freedom Foundation-India
180, Hennur Cross, Hennur Main Road,
Bangalore 560 043
India
Tel: + 0091 80 5440134,
Fax: + 0091 80 5449766
E-mail: ashokrau@hotmail.com
Fundacion Instituto de la Mujer
Vina del Mar 019, Providencia
Santiago, Chile
Tel: + 56 2 222 4946
Fax: + 56 2 635 3106
E-mail: insmujer@insmujer.cl
Greek Helsinki Monitor
P.O. Box 60820
GR-15304 Glyka Nera, Greece
Tel: + 30 210 347 22 59
Fax +30 210 601 87 60
E-mail: office@greekhelsinki.gr
HLM, Human Rights and Development Consultants,
Guldborgvej 17,
4000 Roskilde,
Denmark,
Tel: +45 46 753 860
E-mail: h.lund.madsen@email.dk
Himpunan Pedagang Mandiri Bengkulu
Jl. Eks Pasar Mambo,
Kecamatan Gading Cempaka
Bengkulu, Indonesia
Human Rights Advocates (**)
P.O. Box 5675
Berkeley, California
94705 USA
E-mail: Info@humanrightsadvocates.org
Human Rights Council of Australia Inc.
PO Box L23
South Maroubra,
Australia
Tel: + 61 (0) 2 9311 0159
E-mail: pearles@optusnet.com.au
Human Rights Project, Urban Justice Center
666 Broadway 10th Floor
New York, New York
U.S.A. 10012
Tel: + 1 646 602 5630
Fax: + 1 212 533 0533
E-mail: rortega@urbanjustice.org
Human Strategies for Human Rights
73-612 Highway 111, Suite 6
Palm Desert, California
92260, USA
Tel: + 1 760 862 1254
Fax: + 1 760 776 0848
E-mail: gina@hshr.org

Humanitarian Law Center
Avalska 9
110000 Belgrade
Serbia and Montenegro
Tel: + 381 11 444 1487
Fax: + 381 11 444 3944
E-mail office@hlc.org.yu
India Centre for Human Rights and Law
4th Floor CVOD Jain School, 84 Samuel Street, Dongri
Mumbai 400 009
India
Tel: + 91 22 237 166 90 / 23716690
Fax: + 91 22 379 0699
E-mail: huright@vsnl.com
Indonesian Legal Aid Society (*)
(Masyarakat Bantuan Hukum)
Jalan Kidal 6 Surabaya 60131 Surabaya East Java Indonesia 60131
Tel: + 62 31 502 2273
Fax: + 62 31 502 4826
E-mail: lbhsby@indo.net.id
Informal Sector Service Centre
G P O Box 2726
Kathmandu, Nepal
Tel: + 977 1 42 78 770
Fax: + 977 1 42 70 551
E-mail: insec@insec.org.np
Insaaf International
Kishori Ram Hospital
Basant Vihar Bhatinda
Punjab India
Tel + 91-172-615187
E-mail: vineetag@sancharnet.in
Instituto Nacional de Apoyo a Víctimas y Estudios en Criminalidad, A.C.
Bolívar # 8-104, Colonia Centro Histórico, C.P. 06000
Delegación Cuauhtémoc, México, D.F.
Tel: + 55 12 20 16
Fax: + 55 18 27 86
E-mail: nestor_mendez@hotmail.com
Interamerican Platform of Human Rights, Democracy and Development
Rue Senador Dantas, 44-Sala 1
Centro -20.031-203
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Tel: + 55 21 22 40 5873
Fax: + 55 21 22 40 5873
E-mail: regional@pidhdd.org
Interchurch Organization for Development Co-operation
P.O. Box 151, 3700AD Zeist,
The Netherlands
Tel: + 31 30 692 78 11
Fax: + 31 30 692 56 14
E-mail: worldwide@icco.nl
Interights
33 Islington High Street
London N1 9LH
United Kingdom
Tel: 44 207 278 3230
Fax: 44 207 278 4334
E-mail: ibyrne@interights.org
International Commission of Jurists (*)
81A ave. de Châtelaine
P.O. Box 216
1216 Châtelaine,
Geneva, Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 979 3808
Fax: +41 22 979 3801
E-mail: berry@icj.org
International Council of Nurses (*)
3, place Jean-Marteau,
1201 Geneva,
Switzerland
Tel: + 41 22 908 0100
Fax: + 41 22 908 0101
E-mail: icn@icn.ch
International Non-governmental Organisation Forum on Indonesia
Jl Mampang Prapatan XI no. 23
Jakarta, Indonesia
Tel: + 62 21 7919 6721 22
Fax: + 62 21 794 1577
E-mail: infid@nusa.or.id
International Protection
Machstraße 8/1/2 A-1020
Wien, Austria
Tel: + 43 1 729 3776
Fax: + 1 240 248 7148
E-mail: internationalprotection@gmx.net; internationalprotection@gmx.at
International Women's Rights Action Watch - Asia Pacific (*)
2nd Floor, Block F, Anjung FELDA,
Jalan Maktab,
54000 Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia
Tel: 603-2691 3292
Fax: 603-2698 4203
E-mail: iwraw@po.jaring.my
Jubilee 2000 International Campaign
P. O. Box 8614
New York, New York
USA 10116-8614
Tel: + 1 212 439 8047
Fax: + 1 212 234 2233
E-mail: seydina_senghor@yahoo.com
Kindernothilfe
Düsseldorfer Landstraße 180
47249 Duisburg
Tel: + 49 203 7789 180
Fax: + 49 203 7789 118
E-mail: barbara.duennweller@knh.de
Kituo Cha Sheria
P.O.Box 7483-00300
Nairobi, Kenya
Tel: + 254 576 290
Fax: + 254 576 295
E-mail: info@ kituochasheria.or.ke

Kyrgyz Committee for Human Rights, KCHR (*)
Ivanitsina str. 123/87
Bishkek, 720011
Kyrgyzstan
Tel/Fax 996 312 666975 or 43 1 9565894
Email: chrights@imfiko.bishkek.su
Land Centre for Human Rights
122 Galaa' St., Ramses Tower,
Cairo - Arab Republic of Egypt
Tel./Fax: + 202 575 0470
E-mail: lchr@lchr-eg.org; lchr@thewayout.net
Liberty Victoria
(Victorian Council for Civil Liberties Inc.)
Level 4
360 Little Bourke Street
Melbourne Australia 3000
Tel: + 61 3 9903 8708
Fax: + 61 3 9903 8710
E-mail: Anne.O'Rourke@buseco.monash.edu.au
Migrants Rights International (*)
C.P. 135, 15 route des Morillons
1211 Geneva 20,
Switzerland
Tel: + 41 22 917 78 17
Fax: + 41 22 788 28 75
E-mail: migrantwatch@vtx.ch
Misereor-Geschäftsstelle
Bischöfliches Hilfswerk MISEREOR e.V
Mozartstraße 9
52064 Aachen, Germany
Tel: 00 49 241 442 0
Fax: 00 49 241 442 188
E-mail: bickel@misereor.de
Nari Uddug Kendra,
22/18,Khilji Road, Block-B,
Mohammadpur, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Tel: + 880 2 911 5696,
Fax: + 880 2 911 0088
E-mail: nari@bangla.net
Natural Heritage Institute
2140 Shattuck Avenue, Suite 500
Berkeley, California
94704 USA
Tel: + 510 644 2900
Fax: + 510 644 4428
E-mail: mls@n-h-i.org
ORI-Sumatera
Kantor Bantuan Hukum Bengkulu (KBHB)
Jl. P. Natadirja Km 6,5
Bengkulu, Indonesia
Tel + 62 736 25179
Fax + 62 736 25333
E-mail: ori_sumatera@plasa.com

Observatori sobre l'acompliment de la Declaració Universal dels Drets Humans en els Drets Econòmics, Socials i Culturals (*)
Sant Honorat 7,
08002 Barcelona, Spain
Tel: + 93 302 68 82
E-mail: mail@descweb.org
Office of the National Human Rights Commission, Thailand
422 Phyathai Road, Pathumwan, Bangkok 10330
Thailand
Tel: 662 219 2973
Fax: 662 219 2973
E-mail: ksuvannakul@yahoo.com
Oficina Jurídica Para la Mujer
Cochabamba - Bolivia
Tel: + 1 591 4 411 6337
Fax: + 591 4 251 551
E-mail: julietam@bo.net
Pacific Concerns Resource Centre (**)
Private Mail Bag
83 Amy Street, Toorak,
Suva, Fiji
Tel: + 679 3304 649
Fax: + 679 3304 755
Email: pcrc@connect.com.fj
Palestinian Society for the Protection of Human Rights & the Environment
c/o PO Box 20873,
Jerusalem, Palestine,
Via Israel
Tel: + 972 2583 3430
Fax: + 972 2583 3317
E-mail: law@lawsociety.org; dluping@lawsociety.org
Patramijaya Indonesian Legal Aid Foundation
JL Diponegoro No. 74
Jakarta 10320, Indonesia
Tel: + 62 21 34 5518
Fax: + 62 21 33 0140
E-mail: ekosobzlbhi@cbn.net.id
People With Disabilities Uganda
P.O Box 5460
Kampala, Uganda
Tel: + 256 31 262 134
Fax: + 256 31 262 134
E-mail: pwd@imul.com
People's Movement for Human Rights Education
526 West 111th Street, Suite 4E
New York , New York
USA 10025
Tel: + 1 212 749 3156
Fax: + 1 212 666 6325
E-mail: pdhre@igc.org
Physicians for Human Rights–UK
91 Harlech Rd, Abbots Langley, Herts, WD5 OBE, United Kingdom
Tel: + 44 07 77 079 66 09
E-mail: phall@gn.apc.org

Plataforma Interamericana de Derechos Humanos,
Democracia y Desarrollo
(Inter American Platform for Human Rights, Democracy and Development)
Regional Secretariat
Rua Senador Dantas, 44 sala 1 Centro - 20031-203
Rio de Janeiro, Brasil
Tel: + 55 21 2240 4610
Fax: + 55 21 2240 5873
E-mail: regional@pidhdd.org
Plataforma Peruana de Derechos Humanos, Democracia y Desarrollo
(Peruvian Platform for Human Rights, Democracy and Development)
National Secretariat
Jiron Talara 769
Jesus Maria, Lima 11
Peru
Tel: + 51 1 433 3472
Fax: + 51 1 433 9595
E-mail: emoura@cedal.org.pe
Programa Venezolano de Educación-Acción en Derechos Humanos
Apartado Postal 5156, Carmelitas 1
010-A, Caracas, Venezuela
Tel/ Fax: + 212 862 10 11
E-mail: provea@derechos.org.ve
Public Committee Against Torture in Israel
P.O.B. 4634 Jerusalem 91046
Tel: 972-2-5630073
Fax: 972-2-5665477
Email: pcati@netvision.net.il
Public Interest Advocacy Centre
46-48 York St
Sydney, NSW 2000
Australia
Tel: + 2 9299 7833
Fax: + 2 9299 7855
E-mail: apettitt@piac.asn.au
RADDHO
Amitié II Villa no 4024, Allées Seydou Nourou Tall
Dakar, Sénégal
Tel: + 221 824 60 56
Fax: + 221 824 60 52
E-mail: raddho@telecomplus.sn
Rights and Democracy/Droits et Démocratie
1001, boul. de Maisonneuve est,
Bureau 1100
Montréal, Québec, Canada
H2L 4P9
Tel: + 1 514 283 6073
Fax: + 1 514 283 3792
E-mail: ichrdd@ichrdd.ca
Ririki. Intervencion Social S.C.
Islote 71. Col. Las Aguilas
Mexico Distrito Federal
Fax: + 55 563 53791
E-mail: intervencionsocial@terra.com.mx

Rural Initiatives in Sustainability and Empowerment
Street A-14, Ittehad Colony
Peshawar City, Pakistan.
Tel: + 92 91 247 536
Fax: + 92 91 247 536
E-mail: rise@psh.paknet.com.pk
Rural Reconstruction Nepal
P.O. Box: 8130, Lazimpat,
Kathmandu, Nepal
Fax: + 977 1 418 296
Tel: + 977 1 415 418 / 422153
Email: akarki@rrn.org.np; rrn@rrn.org.np
SVG Human Rights Association
P.O. BOX 614
Kingstown,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Tel: + 784 456 2656
Fax: + 784 456 2656
E-mail: svghuman@mail.caribsurf.com
Sección Mexicana de FIAN Internacional (*)
Bajío N° 53 Interior 10 - Col. Roma Sur, México D.F. CP 06760
Tel: + 52-64 88 05
Fax: + 52 64 88 05
E-mail: fian_mx@yahoo.com.mx
Serikat Nelayan Bengkulu
Pangeran Natadirja No.39 KM.6,5 Bengkulu, Indonesia
Tel: + 62 736 25179
Fax: + 62 736 25333
E-mail: sne_bengkulu@yahoo.com
Serikat Tani Bengkulu
Jl. Pangeran Natadirja No.39 KM.6,5 Bengkulu
(Indonesia)
Tel: + 62 736 25179
Fax: + 62 736 25333
E-mail: sta_bengkulu@yahoo.com
Servicio Paz Y Justicia-Uruguay (*)
Joaquín Requena 1642
11200 Montevideo, Uruguay
Tel: + 598 2 408 53 01
Fax: + 598 2 408 57 01
E-mail: verdad@serpaj.org.uy
Social Justice Committee (Canada)
1857 de Maisonneuve West, suite 320,
Montreal, Quebec, Canada
H3H 1J9
Tel: + 514 933 6797
Fax: + 514 933 9517
E-mail: sjc@web.ca
Social Rights Advocacy Centre
1038 Portage Flyer Lane
RR4 Huntsville
Canada P1H 2J6
Tel: + 1 705 789 1397
Fax (e-fax): + 1 416 946 1841
E-mail: bporter@socialrightsadvocacy.ca

Swedish NGO Foundation for Human Rights
Drottninggatan 101, 113 60 Stockholm, Sweden
Tel: + 46 8 54 54 99 70
Fax: + 46 8 30 30 31
E-mail: info@humanrights.se
Unión Afirmativa
Ateneo de Caracas, piso 6; Los Caobos, 1010-A, Caracas
Venezuela
Tel: + 58 212 576 53 44
Fax: + 58 212 572 94 10
E-mail: unionafirmativa@hotmail.com
United Nations Association of Australia
PO Box L23, South Maroubra,
2035, Australia
Tel/Fax: + 61 2 9311 0159
E-mail: pearles@ozemail.com.au
Universal Income Trust
32b Torlesse Street, Wakatu, Nelson, Aotearoa
New Zealand
Tel: + 64 3 547 6865
Fax: + 64 3 545 7273
E-mail: uitrustnz@yahoo.co.nz
Université de Genève
Faculté de Droit, (Professor Giorgio Malinverni)
40, Boulevard du Pont d'Arve
CH-1211 Genève 4
Switzerland
Tel: + 41 22 705 85 30
Fax: + 41 22 705 85 36
Email:giorgio.malinverni@droit.unige.ch
University of Melbourne
Faculty of Law, (Associate Professor Dianne Otto)
Parkville 3010
Australia
Tel: + 61 3 8344 4063
Fax: + 61 3 9349 4287
E-mail: d.otto@unimelb.edu.au
Vietnamese Community in Australia Inc.
PO Box 719, Mt. Lawley
W.A. 6929, Australia
Tel: + 61 500 888 800
E-mail: cdnvtduc@hotmail.com
WIDE (*)
10, Rue de la Science
1000 Brussels
Belgium
Tel: + 32 2 545 90 72
Fax: + 32 2 512 73 42
E-mail: wide@gn.apc.org
Women's Aid Organisation
PO Box 493 Jalan Sultan 46760 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
Tel: + 603 7956 3488
Fax: + 603 7956 3237
E mail: wao@po.jaring.my

Women's International League for Peace and Freedom
C.P. 28,
1 rue de Varembe
1211 Geneva, Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 919 70 80
Fax: +41 22 919 70 81
E-mail: wilpf@iprolink.ch
Women's Rights Action Network Australia
P.O. Box 2092,
Lygon Street North LPO,
Brunswick East,
Victoria, Australia 3057
E-mail: wrana_projects@yahoo.com.au
World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT) (*)
8, Rue du Vieux-Billard
P.O. Box 21
1211 Geneva 8, Switzerland
Tel: +41 22 809 49 39
Fax: +41 22 809 49 29
E-mail: nm@omct.org
Youth for Unity and Voluntary Action, (**)
53/2, Nare Park Municipal School,
Opp. Nare Park Ground, Pare
Mumbai - 400012
India
Tel: + 91 22 2414 3498/241 55250
Fax: + 91 22 2413 5314
E-mail: yuva@vsnl.comOrganisations marked with (*) are in Special Consultative Status with ECOSOC.
Organisations marked with (**) are on the ECOSOC Roster list.

Oral, Written or Summary: 
Meeting Year: 
2004
Meeting: 

icescr04

Working Group Established to Consider Options Regarding the Elaboration of an Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Meeting Name: 
Working Group Established to Consider Options Regarding the Elaboration of an Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights