The Human Rights Council adopted a resolution in which it condemned the acts of violence, human rights violations and abuses committed in Kivu (east of the Democratic Republic of the Congo) and, in particular sexual violence and the recruitment by the militias of child soldiers, and called upon the international community to seriously address the root causes of the conflict and to continue to contribute to the promotion of peace and stability, as well as provide the Government with assistance.

In the resolution, which was adopted by consensus, the Council expressed serious concern at the deteriorating human rights and humanitarian situation in North Kivu since the resumption of hostilities on 28 August 2008 and called upon all concerned parties to comply fully with their obligations under international humanitarian law, human rights law and refugee law to ensure the protection of the civilian population and to facilitate the work of humanitarian agencies. The Council also called for the immediate end to all human rights violations and expressed concern at the deteriorating situation of refugees and internally displaced persons. The Council further urged all parties to allow and facilitate humanitarian assistance and to support the ongoing efforts to establish humanitarian corridors throughout the area so as to allow access and free movement of people and goods as well as to enable humanitarian agencies to provide the badly needed food, water, medication and shelter. The Council condemned the acts of violence, human rights violations and abuses committed in Kivu, in particular sexual violence and the recruitment by the militias of child soldiers.

The Council also underlined that the Government had the primary responsibility to make every effort to strengthen the protection of civilian population and to investigate and bring to justice perpetrators of violations of human rights. The Council further expressed support to the efforts of the United Nations Secretary-General's Special Envoy for the conflict. It also emphasized the importance of strengthening the mandate of the United Nations Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, with a view to increasing its capacity to protect civilians and to restore peace. The Council also called upon the international community to seriously address the root causes of the conflict and to continue to contribute to the promotion of peace and stability, as well as provide the Government with assistance.

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