47th Session of the Human Rights Council

Dialogue with the Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants

23 June 2021

Delivered by: Ana Victoria López Estrada

 

 

hrc47_-_item_3_interactive_dialogue_special_rapporteur_on_the_human_rights_of_migrants

 

Thank you Madame President,

 

We thank the Special Rapporteur for his report on “pushbacks” and their impact to the human rights of migrants.

 

We agree with the Special Rapporteur that the principle of non-refoulement is characterized by its absolute nature without any exception. However, we are concerned that the practice to return migrants is performed without an individual assessment and in contexts of militarization of borders, particularly in the United States, Mexico and Guatemala.

 

We have witnessed an excessive increase of military and security personnel in migratory verification and control tasks.

 

From June 2019 to December 2020, the military and the Mexican National Guard detained 152.000 migrants on the southern border, including 27.000 children.[1] In Guatemala, the Border Patrol has detained and immediately returned migrants, especially during the “caravans” in September 2020 and January 2021, without allowing them to request international protection. These detentions and returns are made with an excessive, arbitrary, and indiscriminate use of force. For these reasons, we are concern by current negotiations between the United States, Mexico and Guatemala on increasing the militarization of their borders. [2]  

Finally, there are hostilities, harassment, surveillance, defamation and aggressions against human right defenders, shelters and spaces supporting migrants, even during the pandemic.

It is urgent that the Council calls on Mexico, the United States and Guatemala to comply with their international obligations and to stop detaining and returning migrants and asylum seekers.

Thank you Madam President.

 

Co-signed by the following organisations

  1. Asamblea Ciudadana contra la Corrupción y la Impunidad - ACCI
  1. Acción Ecuménica por los Derechos Humanos(AEDH)
  1. Asistencia Legal por los Derechos Humanos A.C. (ASILEGAL)
  1. Centro de Derechos Humanos “Fray Francisco de Vitoria O.P” A.C
  1. Centro de Derechos Humanos Fray Matías de Córdova A.C.
  1. Colectiva Luna Celaya
  1. Colectivo de Observación y Monitoreo de Derechos Humanos en el Sureste Mexicano
  1. Congregations of St. Joseph
  1. Dominicans for Justice and Peace
  1. Equipo de Reflexión, Investigación y Comunicación (ERIC-SJ)
  1. Franciscans International
  1. Frontera con Justicia A. C. [Casa del Migrante Saltillo]
  1. Fundación Arcoiris por el respeto a la diversidad sexual.
  1. Grupo belga 'Solidair met Guatemala'
  1. Jesuit Conference Office of Justice and Ecology
  1. JPIC Familia Franciscana - Guatemala
  1. JPIC HFIC Provincia de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe
  1. JPIC México- Hogar Franciscano
  1. Kino Border Initiative
  1. La 72, Hogar-Refugio para personas migrantes
  1. Maryknoll Sisters of St. Dominic, Inc.
  1. Peace Brigades International
  1. Programa de Asuntos Migratorios Universidad Iberoamericana Ciudad de México
  1. Protección Internacional Mesoamérica
  1. Quixote Center
  1. Red Franciscana para Migrantes en Centroamérica, México y Estados Unidos
  1. Red Jesuita con Migranres Centro Norteamérica (RJM-CANA)
  1. Red Jesuita con Migrantes - Guatemala
  1. Red Jesuita con Migrantes LAC
  1. Red Nacional de Organismos Civiles de Derechos Humanos "Todos los Derechos para Todas y Todos" - México
  1. Servicio Jesuita a Refugiados
  1. Sisters of Notre Dame de Namur

 

 

(viewed 22 June 2021)https://gt.usembassy.gov/es/declaracion-de-la-reunion-virtual-de-la-vicepresidente-kamala-harris-con-el-presidente-alejandro-giammattei/[1] “Declaración de la Reunión Virtual de la Vicepresidente Kamala Harris con el Presidente Alejandro Giammattei” Office of the US Vicepresident, 26  April 2021,

[1] Storr, Samuel, “La militarización de las fronteras, 24 March 2021, https://seguridadviacivil.ibero.mx/2021/03/24/la-militarizacion-de-las-fronteras/ (viewed 22 June 2021)

 

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